Bronze Seminar Course

Lecture 1. Bronze and the foundry

 I. Introduction  
  What we'll cover: Outdoor metals, concentrate on cast bronze  
 II. What is bronze?  
  What is a metal? What is an alloy?  
 III. Where do bronzes come from?  
 IV. Bronze Casting  
  Casting defined  
 V. Casting Methods  
 VI. Misruns, etc.  
 VII. Finishing  
 VIII. Patination  
  Effects, traditional methods, gilding, paint, etc.
Further reading and references
Surface coatings
 IX. Microstructure  
  Casting and solidification
Three zones of solidification
Phase equilibrium diagram
Galvanic series
Archaeological examples
 X. Summary